Zones and areas
The front zone on each court is limited by the axis of the centre line and the rear edge of the attack line. The front zone extends beyond the side lines to the end of the free zone.
The service zone is a 9m wide area behind each end line and extends to the end of the free zone. It is 15cm long and drawn 20cm behind the end line as an extension of the side lines.
The substitution zone extends from both attack lines to the scorer’s table.
The Libero Replacement zone is part of the free zone on the same side as the team benches, extending from the attack line up to the end line.
A penalty area, 1m x 1m, is located in the control area outside of the endlines.
Nets and posts
The net is 2.43m high for men and 2.24m high for women. It is 1m wide and 9.5m‑10m long and is 10cm square black mesh.
The antenna is a flexible rod, 1.8m long and 10mm in diameter and made of fibreglass or similar material. It is fastened on opposite sides of the net. The top of the antenna extends 80cm above the net and is marked with 10cm stripes of contrasting colour, usually red and white.
The 2.55m high posts are placed 0.50m‑1.0m outside the side lines. The posts are rounded and fixed to the ground without wires.